CERC Proposes Changes to the Renewable Energy Certificates Mechanism

Central Electricity Regulatory Commission (CERC) has recently published draft regulations for renewable energy certificates according to which renewable generators, captive power projects, distribution companies (DISCOMs), and open access consumers will now be eligible to issue renewable energy certificates.

Stakeholders can submit comments and objections to the CERC on or before March 15, 2022. The National Load Despatch Centre, the central agency for these regulations will issue a detailed procedure after stakeholders’ consultation within a period of three months of notification of these regulations.

Eligibility for issuance of certificates

Renewable energy projects and captive power projects generating renewables will be eligible to issue certificates if the tariff of such renewable energy generating stations has not been determined or adopted under section 62 or section 63 of the Electricity Act.


Further, the electricity generated by such projects must not be sold through an electricity trader or in power exchanges for RPO compliance. They can also be eligible if they have not utilized any waiver, concessional charges, or facility of banking of electricity.

DISCOMs and open access consumers who purchase renewable energy in excess of their RPO will also be eligible to issue renewable energy certificates.

Issuance of Certificates

To acquire these certificates, the eligible entities have to go through a two-step process, including (i) accreditation from state and regional agencies and registration for the certificates and (ii) issuance, exchange, and redemption of certificates.

Accreditation for the certificates under the REC regulations 2010 will be granted by the state agency to entities connected to the intra-state transmission system.

For entities connected to the inter-state transmission system, the accreditation will be provided by the Regional Load Dispatch Centre, where the entities are located.

The entities will then apply for registration for the certificates with the central agency.

The registered entities can apply for the certificates within six months from the corresponding generation with the Central Agency. No certificate will be issued beyond six months.

Within fifteen days from the date of receipt of the application, the Central Agency will issue the certificate or reject the application. The reason for rejection will be intimated to the applicant.

The certificates shall be issued based on the electricity generated and injected into the grid or deemed to be injected in case of self-consumption by the eligible captive generating stations based on renewable energy sources and duly accounted for in the energy accounting system.

The entities will be eligible for issuance of certificates for the validity period of their registration for certificates.

Exchange and redemption of certificates

The certificates must be exchanged through power exchanges or electricity traders. The eligible entities must inform the Central Agency, in advance, about the number of certificates intended to be sold through electricity traders.

Once exchanged through power exchanges or electricity traders and used for compliance of RPO by the obligated entities, the certificates will be considered redeemed. Upon redemption, the Central Agency will remove the certificates from the registry.

The certificates issued to captive generating stations based on renewable energy sources to the extent of self-consumption will stand redeemed on compliance of RPO.

The certificates issued will remain valid until they are redeemed.

Denomination of certificate

Each certificate issued under these regulations will represent one Megawatt hour (MWh) of electricity generated from renewable energy sources and injected or deemed to be injected into the grid.

Certificate multiplier

CERC has also introduced a multiplier, under which less mature renewable energy technologies can be promoted over the other matured renewable technologies. The certificate multiplier will remain valid for fifteen years from commissioning such renewable generation projects and captive power projects.

For example, Technology-A, which is nascent, can be issued three RECs for every MWh energy sale, subject to a 3X multiplier. As the adoption of the technology progresses along the maturity path, it can gradually be reduced. Based on the policy boost to specific technologies, the multiplier can vary.

CERC - Estimated Levelized Tariff and Certificate Multiplier for Renewable Energy Technologies

The certificate multiplier rates will be valid for three years from the effective date of these regulations. Certificate multipliers will only be provided to projects commissioned after the date of effect of these regulations.

The Commission may, from time to time, based on the review of the maturity level and cost of various renewable energy technologies, revise the certificate multiplier.

The Indian Energy Exchange traded 1.12 million renewable energy certificates (RECs) in January 2021, including 933,000 non-solar RECs and 193,000 solar RECs. The exchange discovered a price of ₹2,300 (~$30.71) per certificate for solar RECs and ₹1,000 (~$13.35) per certificate for non-solar RECs.

The trading of RECs had been put on hold after the Appellate Tribunal for Electricity (APTEL) issued a stay order in response to petitions filed by several renewable energy associations regarding the revision in the floor and forbearance prices.

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